FOUR STAR OP- : a custom serie (1950-58)

The Four Star custom series were, as did Starday from Beaumont or Houston, known to include many Rock’ & Roll sides played by Hillbilly bands and it was a music that most artists would easily relate to, including the older musicians who had been playing boogie and blues for years anyway. Countless bands were active and the only way they could relate to was release their records on Four Star OP (Other People) custom records.

The tapes would then be sent in and the widely advertised custom service would handle, for a fee, the manufacture of the records and distribution of a number of copies to selected radio stations. Otherwise than this, promotion and distribution was a left up to the the artist or his agent. The number going to the radio stations was probably a percentage of the total number pressed, which varied considerably. Some were produced in relatively large quantities while other artists ordered as few as 99 copies. The rarity of these records varies widely as, of course, does the quality of the music (but not in the same condition). The artist coud choose his own label name, which hopefully often also gives a location. They could also have the record issued under the company’s own logo (as in the case of « Texas » Bill Strength), perhaps at extra cost. Several record labels started as custom pressings before becoming actual independant companies later. Example : Erwin and Rural Rhythm (not represented in this selection). All are generally uptempo sides, with prominent fiddle and walking bass. It must also be noted that many artists were one-off, i.e. they had only one record issued by Four Star OP- service, and never had the chance to cut another one.

HBR did issue two volumes of Four Star OP- custom records. I deliberatly chose to issue unknown sides from 1950 to 1958, and various Western regions (Oklahoma to Oregon), not to exclude Eastern areas like even Florida.
Eddie Snell (on the aptly named Promotional # 242 label) has more of a West coast sound to him, with a « Rockin’ rhythm » similar to Sammy Masters‘ early sides. Alden Holloway had also famous releases on Dixie and Starday (« Blast off » or « Swinging the rock »). Here is what he recorded in 1956 seemingly on the West coast for Northwest # 263 : « Woodpecker love ». He had previously issued on # 214 «Beaumont blues » as Shorty Holloway. Veteran Dick Bills, also later on Crest (« Rockin’ and rollin’ » in 1961 with nephew Glen Campbell on lead guiar ) had on Vicki « Beggars can’t be choosers »  (# 198, 1954-55). Went also on Morgan (with vocalist Buz Burnam).

Promotional snell hills Northwest Holloway woodpecker vicki bills beggars

Eddie Snell “Head over the hills”

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Alden Holloway “Woodpecker love”

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dick bills pic

Dick Bills


Dick Bills “Beggars can’t be choosers”

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A favorite of Ray Campi, « Quit your triflin’ (on me) » (Hi-fidelity 211), from 1954-55 by Gene Snowden, is a good uptempo probably of West coast origin, while Hank Crow and his Raven River Ramblers do come surely from California: the fine « Baby, baby me » on Southwest 204 from 1954.
Gene Snowden “Quit your triflin'(on me”

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(Hi-fidelity Snowden quitHank Crow (real forname: Dorsey) apparently came from Arizona, who cut two records on the Southwest label. OP-204 coupled the very fine “Baby, baby me” and “Crazy ’bout you“, both uptempo and full of fantastic steel-guitar. From 1954 or 55. His second issue (OP-207) with Jeanne Black is untraced. Any follower to provide it to bopping.org ?

Hank CrowBaby me, baby

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Hank Crow, “Crazy ’bout you

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Hank (Dorsey) Crow

Hank Crow (courtesy Jennifer Leigh)

southwest OP-204 Hank Crow – Crazy ‘Bout You

From Texas, Doc Bryant & National Jamboree Gang on his own Doc Bryant label (# 155) for « Cotton pickin’ boogie », from 1952-53. In 1958, an « old » Texas artist – he first recorded in the late ’40s for Macy’s, i.e. « Cornbread boogie » -, Art Gunn had on his own (?) Arga (# 288) label the fine relaxed « Pickin’ ‘n singing ». He had also previously cut for Revel and V & G Records. The mysterious Phantom Rider Trio does « Peekin’ thru your window » on the K-Pep label # 264 from San Angelo.

Doc Bryant “Cotton pickin’ boogie

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Art GunnPickin’ ‘n singin’

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The Phantom Rider TrioPeekin’ thru your window

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arga gunn pickin'K-pep The-Phantom-Ride-Trio peekin'

Du Ro rowell helloKeen sweatt fo-mo-coSky line Thibodeaux port
Candy RowellAin’t gonna say hello

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From Florida, Candy Rowell on the Du Ro #254 label with « Ain’t gonna say hello ».

Oklahoma is represented by Al Sweatt and   « Fo-Mo-Co » on Keen 262, from 1956. Indeed he was to have the two rockers later    « I hate myself/Let’s paint the town red » (Keen 288). Al SweattLittle Fo-mo-co

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From Louisiana Pal Thibodeaux and an earlier issue (# 154) « Port Arthur Boogie ». on Skyline (partly sung in French).

Pal ThibodeauxPort Arthur boogie

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Arizona is represented with the very first recording Duane Eddy was involved in, and it’s a duet with Jimmy Delbridge on the Phoenix label Preston #212. « Soda fountain girl » and « I want some lovin’ baby».
 Preston Jimmy&Duane soda

Jimmy & Duanee “Soda fountain girl

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Unknown origin : Alaska 194 by Betty Jo and Johnny Starr « Peach pickin’ time in Georgia » (# 194).alaska betty-jo peachPeach picking’ time in Georgia

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Archie Jefferies « G.I. Talking blues » (Blue Flame # 107) “G.I. talking blues

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Majesty 251 by Tommy Farr If »).

Also Buddy Thornton on his own Thornton OP-186 « Ole Santa is coming to town ».”Ole Santa is coming to town-”

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Thornton Thornton santa
Four Star OP- serie continued well over until the late ’50s with the odd Hillbilly bop issued : Sonny LeBarron and « Jack and Jill» (Mecca # 252), Paul McGhee (« You are my sunshine » Flame 305) or 267 Sonny Thibodeaux (Pacific 267), Leo Gosnell from 1959 on Mountain 298/299, (“Juke Joint Honey“) to name just a very few.

pacific thibodeaux honkySonny Thibodeaux “In Love With A Honky Tonk Girl”pacific thibodeaux wrong

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Sonny Thibodeaux, “It’s So Wrong

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Paul McGhee His Drums & The Rock-A-Teers (Freddy Lay, vocal)”You Are My Sunshine”
flame mcghee sunshine

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Ernie Ole’shay “A Honeymoon Trip To Mars”blue-mountain oleshay mars

mountain gosnell honey

Leo Gosnell, “Juke Joint Honey“(clip)

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Several early issues did appear untraceable although highly desirable, like Tex Bloye’s « Talkin’ blues » on Gavotte 116 (a version of Robert Lunn’s song on Mercury, 1949), or Frank Ole’Shay, who appear to be one of the greatest from his song on a Dixie/Collector CD, « My baby’s not here tonight » (Blue mountain).

Addition (Dec. 2nd): Tex Bloye, “Talkin’ blues” (Courtesy Ronald Keppner)Gavotte bloye talkin'

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Ernie Ole’ShayBe my honey Bee“(Blue Mountain OP-295)

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Melvin PriceI’ve got news for you“(Santa Fe OP-131)

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Ernie Ole Shay with his Drifting Vagabonds “Won’t Be Around” BLUE MOUNTAIN OP 295

op-185

 

 

blue-mountain ol'shay be blue-mountain ole'shay around

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